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ENV 100T Week 2 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam
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ENV 100T Week 2 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam

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ENV 100T Week 2 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam In this graded assignment, you are assessed on the content covered in this week’s readings, activities, and assignments. To help you prepare, it is recommended that you first complete this week’s Learning Path and Self-Test Learning Activities prior to completing this exam. Complete the Week 2 WileyPLUS Weekly Exam covering this week’s assigned readings:  Ch. 5: How Ecosystems Work  Ch. 6: Ecosystems and Evolution  Ch. 7: Human Population Change and the Environment Note: Work submitted in WileyPLUS does not count toward attendance. Be sure to post at least two times each week in the online classroom to avoid being auto-dropped from the course. Question 1 Which of the following processes plays an important role in the phosphorus cycle? erosion nitrogen fixation combustion cellular respiration Question 2 Your answer is correct. The nitrogen cycle is one of the most important and complex of the biogeochemical cycles. Why is nitrogen important? It’s an Ozone depleting gas It’s an essential part of biological molecules such as proteins and nucleic acids (DNA) It’s the most toxic element to living organisms Nitrogen dilutes the oxygen in the atmosphere causing respiratory problems Question 3 What is landscape ecology? the study of human-designed communities. the study of the influences of pollution on natural ecosystems. a science exclusively concerned with terrestrial ecosystems. the study of the connections among various ecosystems. Question 4 Which of the following statements is TRUE? Predation only favors the predator with the evolution of more efficient ways to catch prey. Predation only favors the prey with the evolution of more efficient ways to escape predators. Predation exerts a selective force on the prey, favoring characteristics that reduce the probability of capture. Predation exerts a selective force on the predator, favoring characteristics that reduce the probability of prey capture. Question 5 What do we call an area of land that runoff drains into? watershed estuary groundwater niche Question 6 How would an ecologist classify both the animals shown below? decomposers primary consumers producers carnivores Question 7 Nitrogen gas accounts for what percentage of the atmosphere? 0.03% 1% approximately 50% 78% Question 8 What is an organism’s role, or lifestyle, within the structure of an ecosystem called? habitat. trophic level. symbiotic relationship. ecological niche. Question 9 What biome is most likely to have the following temperature and rainfall profile? savanna boreal forest tropical rainforest temperate deciduous forests Question 10 Which of the following statements about wildfires is TRUE? They are always damaging for natural environments. They release nutrient minerals that were locked in dry organic material. They encourage the growth of shade-resistant plants. They result in the destruction of the underground stems and buds of grasses. Question 11 Individuals within a population each have a unique combination of traits, which is known as: Genetic variation. Reproductive capacity. Evolution. Differential reproductive success. Question 12 Where would you expect to find the littoral zone of a lake? Shallow water area along the shore Open water area farther from shore with enough sunlight for photosynthesis Deepest known, where light typically does not penetrate effectively Bottom region where organisms tend to attach themselves to one spot Question 13 Which of the following biomes has the HIGHEST biodiversity? boreal forest temperate grassland temperate rain forest tropical rain forest Question 14 Which of the following organizational hierarchies is correct? ecosystem landscape community biome biome community landscape ecosystem community ecosystem landscape biome landscape community ecosystem biome Question 15 Which of the following organisms would be members of a pioneer community on bare rock? grass lichens shrubs ferns Question 16 Which of the following does NOT apply to freshwater wetlands? Anaerobic conditions Accumulation of organic material Water-tolerant vegetation Drought resistant plants Question 17 What are the three main ecological categories of organisms found in aquatic ecosystems? plankton, nekton, fish plankton, benthos, littoral plankton, nekton, benthos benthos, mangal, littoral Question 18 Compact development in urban areas benefits the environment in all of the following ways EXCEPT: by reversing the trend towards urbanization. by reducing air pollution. by preserving rural areas. by increasing open space. Question 19 Which factors eventually cause birth rates to decline during a demographic transition? Birth rates decline due to improved health care and modern medicines. Birth rates decline due to increased education of women. Birth rates decline due to increased contraceptive use. All of these choices ultimately contribute to declining birth rates. Question 20 How do demographers typically measure mortality (death) rate? deaths per 1000 persons per year. deaths per person per year. the number of children who die per year. the total number of deaths per generation. Question 21 Which of the following statements about the graph shown is TRUE? Only Nigeria’s population growth rate is increasing. China’s and Brasil’s fertility rate is below replacement level fertility. Only Egypt’s fertility rate is above replacement level fertility. Mexico and Brazil are both below replacement level fertility. Question 22 Why are high fertility rates generally prevalent in developing countries? Children contribute to the family’s livelihood. Children must care for aging parents. Male children are culturally more desirable, so families continue to have children until male children are born. All of the choices. Question 23 Which of the following statements about population ecology is TRUE? Population ecology only deals with declining populations that are in need of intervention in order to survive. Population ecology focuses on individuals and their interactions, but not the abiotic environment. Population ecology attempts to explain how and why the number of individuals in a given area changes over time. Population ecology is not important to scientists in applied disciplines, such as wildlife management. Question 24 What is the cause of global human population growth over the last 200 years? Higher birth rate Higher fecundity rate Increase in immigration Lower death rate Question 25 What can be interpreted for the following two graphs regarding literacy and fertility rates? In general, there are more illiterate men than women. The total number of children a woman has during her life is affected by her education – the more educated a woman is, the greater the number of children she has. Almost 70% of Bangladeshi women and 50% of Bangladeshi men are able to read and write. Based on the connection between education and fertility rates, one would predict that the fertility rate in Mexico would be lower than the fertility rate in Ethiopia as literacy rates are higher in Mexico.

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